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The portrait of the New Prime Minister of Azerbaijan

Two weeks ago, President of Azerbaijan H.E. Mr. Ilham Aliyev, a few days after his re-election, appointed Mr. Novruz Mammadov as the new Prime Minister of the country.

This nomination was unanimously supported by the Azerbaijani society.

Who is this new Prime Minister?

 First of all, Mr. Novruz Mammadov is an academician. He received his doctorate in French philology in 1991 from the Institute of Foreign Languages ​​of Azerbaijan, where he later became an instructor. From 1967 to 1968, he worked as an interpreter and principal interpreter in Algeria, from 1971 to 1973 in Guinea and from 1978 to 1981 again in Algeria. From 1992 to 1993, he worked as Dean of the Preparatory Faculty of the Institute of Foreign Languages ​​of Azerbaijan and from 1993 to 1997, Dean of the French Language at the aforementioned Institute.

From 2003 to 2018 he was the Head of the Department of Lexicology and Methodology of the French Language at the University of Foreign Languages ​​of Azerbaijan. Apart from the French language textbook for students, he translated two books from French into Azerbaijani.

Then, Mr. Novruz Mammadov is a thinker. He is author of dozens of books and hundreds of articles on political and geopolitical issues. His book of 2 volumes entitled “Introduction to Geopolitics” is the main source of reference in this field.

 Mr. Novruz Mammadov has already solid experience in public administration. From 1995 to 1997, he was interpreter for the French language to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Haydar Aliyev. From 1997 to 2018 he headed the Department of External Relations of the Administration of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. At the same time, he consecutively held the positions of Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration and Advisor for Foreign Policy Issues to the President of the Republic, before being appointed as the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan, on 21 April 2018. Having evolved next to Heydar Aliyev, he knows the sublimity and splendor of politics well.

 Mr. Novruz Mammadov is also a highly qualified professional. He was decorated twice by the President of Azerbaijani Ilham Aliyev- in 2007 by the Order “Shohrat” (Glory) and in 2017 by the Order “Sharaf” (Honor). Besides the decoration of the Azerbaijani State, he holds the Order of the Legion of Honor of the President of the French Republic Jacques Chirac (1998) and the Order of the Legion of Honor of the President of the Republic of Poland Lech Kaczyński (2009). He also holds the highest diplomatic rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and the rank of First Level State Counselor.

 At the same time, Mr. Novruz Mammadov has a strong personality. Modest, intellectual, communicable, open to the press, faithful to the political line of his leader, a man of confidence, well organized, led by his sense of responsibility, a great organizational capacity, he therefore has virtues always well sought for to become an alter-ego. Concrete, clear, he does not hesitate to express himself bluntly when needed. He knows how to conduct a negotiation in crisis.

 Finally, Mr. Novruz Mammadov is as much a sympathizer as a critic of the West. True to the principles of Haydar Aliyev, he is for balanced diplomacy. At the same time, he appreciates the scientific and technological development of the West. Thus, like the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, he believes that the West, which is at the pinnacle of its development, has a moral responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, for the well-being of humanity and therefore for the good governance within the international society. Expressing the expectations and disappointment of the international community, he criticizes Western policies that are sometimes not well calculated and are based rather on the personal interests of some political figures. His expressions such as: “The end of the cold war had created invaluable opportunities for the West to promote democracy, justice and human rights at the international level. But the West, under the euphoric influence of its success, could not predict the course of the process and thus missed these opportunities”, “The initiators of International Law themselves began to violate this right”, “The policy of double standards has reached its very dangerous stage”, “International organizations, transformed into hostages of geopolitical ambitions of some powers, have finally become inoperative”, “The worst crisis is the one of justice and unfortunately we all experience that right now “are widely appreciated by intellectuals.

8 May from 1945 to 1992: Resurrection of Fascism in Europe

8 May is celebrated as Victory in Europe Day. By reference to 8 May 1945, it’s celebrated to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany’s unconditional surrender of its armed forces. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe- so, the end of fascism in Europe.

Indeed, the term Victory in Europe Day existed as early as September 1944, in anticipation of victory. On 30 April 1945, Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader, committed suicide during the Battle of Berlin. Germany’s surrender, therefore, was authorized by his successor, Reichsprasident Karl Dönitz. The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg Government. The act of military surrender was signed on 7 May in Reims, France and on 8 May in Berlin, Germany.

As the Soviet representative in Reims had no authority to sign the German instrument of surrender, the Soviet leadership proposed to consider Reims surrender as a “preliminary” act. The surrender ceremony was repeated in Berlin on 8 May, where the instrument of surrender was signed by supreme German military commander Wilhelm Keitel, by Georgy Zhukov and Allied representatives. Since the Soviet Union was to the east of Germany, it was 9 May Moscow time when the German military surrender became effective, which is why Russia and most of the former Soviet republics commemorate Victory Day on 9 May instead of 8 May.

Azerbaijan, as one of the Soviet Socialist Republics, entered World War II with the whole Soviet Union, on June 22, 1941. German command gave the great consideration to oil pools of Baku and set a task to take Baku and oil and gas area of Baku under their control in the course of the Battle of the Caucasus.

More than 600,000 people of the total population of 3.4 million people were conscripted from Azerbaijan to the Red Army during World War II. In order to fighting fascism in Europe more than 300,000 Azerbaijanis lost their lives.

In Azerbaijan Victory day over fascism is commemorated not on 8 May, but 9 May, as in all former Soviet Union republics. But, 8 May has a different connotation. It is marked as date of occupation of its historical Shusha city by Armenian armed forces in 1992.

Formerly center of historical Karabakh khanate, and for this reason, with its valuable monument of national architecture and medieval urban art, Shusha has an exceptional place for the people of Azerbaijan and also a great economic, political and cultural significance. As result of occupation, Shusha city and 30 villages of Shusha region were destroyed, 195 innocent civilians were killed, 165 were wounded and 58 persons still remain missing. More than 24.000 inhabitants of Shusha were subjected to ethnic cleansing. At the same time, in Shusha more than 170 buildings with the status of architectural monument, 160 cultural and historical monuments, mosques, rare manuscripts including “Imarat of Panah khan complex” and library, Khan palace and Karvansaray, Yukhari and Ashagi Govharaga, Saatli Mosques, Mausoleum of Vagif, Natavan’s House and many others were destroyed and subjected to the vandalism.

The occupation of Shusha was part of Armenia’s systematic policy of occupation and aggression against Azerbaijan. As a result of this policy, Armenian armed forces occupied Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent regions of Azerbaijan, conducted notorious ethnic cleansing against more than one million Azerbaijanis in the seized lands and committed serious war crimes and crimes against humanity.

In 1993, the UN Security Council adopted 4 resolutions (822 (1993), 853 (1993), 874 (1993) and 884 (1993)), all condemning the occupation of the territories of Azerbaijan and reaffirming respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and the inviolability of its internationally recognized borders. In those resolutions, the Security Council also confirmed Nagorno-Karabakh region as a part of Azerbaijan, and demanded immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of the occupying forces from all the occupied territories of Azerbaijan. Other notable international organizations as UNGA, EU, NATO, PACE, OSCE, OIC and others have adopted a similar position.

Disregarding the position of the international community and violating the international law, Armenia still refuses to withdraw its armed forces from occupied territories of Azerbaijan.

So, for Azerbaijan 8 May is not marked as a day of the end of fascism, but a day of resurrection of fascism. Today Armenia stays as the only example of officially fascist State not only in Europe, but in the world.

It’s weird. How could the 300,000 Azerbaijanis who have lost their lives to save Europe from fascism 70 years ago, predict that one day their homeland would be a victim of Armenian fascism, and the Europe could only observe this escalation of fascism in its neighborhood?

Source: http://newtimes.az/en/politics/5147/

Le portrait du nouveau Premier Ministre de l’Azerbaïdjan.

La semaine dernière, le Président d’Azerbaïdjan S.E.M. Ilham Aliyev, quelques jours après sa ré-élection, a nommé M. Novruz Mammadov comme le nouveau Premier Ministre du pays.

Cette nomination a été présque unanimement soutenue par la société Azerbaïdjanaise.

Qui est ce nouveau Premier Ministre ?

Tout d’abord, M. Novruz Mammadov est un académicien de base. Il a reçu son doctorat en philologie française en 1991 de l’Institut des Langues Etrangères d’Azerbaïdjan, où il est ensuite devenu instructeur. De 1967 à 1968, il a travaillé en tant qu’interprète et interprète principal en Algérie, de 1971 à 1973 en Guinée et de 1978 à 1981 de nouveau en Algérie. De 1992 à 1993, il a travaillé comme le doyen de la Faculté Préparatoire de et de 1993 à 1997, doyen de la Langue Française de l’Institut susmentionné.

De 2003 à 2018, il a été chef du Département de la Lexicologie et de la Méthodologie de la Langue Française à L’université des Langues Étrangères d’Azerbaïdjan. Il a traduit 2 livres de Français en Azerbaïdjanais. En cette qualité, il est très attaché à la langue et civilisation françaises.

Puis, M. Novruz Mammadov est un homme de réflexion. Il est auteur de dizaines de livres et de centaines d’articles consacrés aux questions politiques et géopolitiques. Son livre de 2 tomes intitulé “Introduction à la Géopolitique” est la source principale de référence en matière.

Ensuite, M. Novruz Mammadov a déjà une solide expérience en administration publique. De 1995 à 1997, il était interprète pour la langue française du Président de la République d’Azerbaïdjan Haydar Aliyev. De 1997 à 2018, il a dirigé le Département des Relations Extérieures de l’Administration du Président de la République d’Azerbaïdjan. En même temps, il a consecutivement occupé les postes de Secrétaire Général Adjoint de l’Administration Présidentielle et de Conseiller pour les Questions de Politique Extérieure du Président de la République, avant d’être nommé comme Premier Ministre d’Azerbaïdjan, le 21 avril 2018. Formé à côté d’Heydar Aliyev, il connait bien la sublimité et la splendeur de la politique.

M. Novruz Mammadov est également un professionnel de qualité. Il a été décoré 2 fois par le Président Azerbaïdjanais Ilham Aliyev- en 2007 par l’Ordre “Chohrate” (Gloire) et en 2017 par l’Ordre “Charaf” (Honneur). A part la décoration de l’Etat Azerbaïdjanais, il possède l’Ordre de la légion d’honneur du  Président de la République Française Jacques Chirac (1998)  et l’Ordre de la légion d’honneur du  Président de la République de Pologne Lech Kaczyński (2009). Il Possède également le rang diplomatique le plus élevé d’ambassadeur extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire et le rang de fonctionnaire de conseiller d’Etat de premier grade.

En même temps, M. Novruz Mammadov  a une personnalité de caractère. Modeste, intellectuel, communicable, ouvert à la presse, fidel à la ligne politique de son leader, homme de confience, bien organisé, dirigé de son sens de responsabilité, d’une grande capacité organisationnelle, il possède donc des vertues toujours bien recherchées pour devenir un alter-égo. Concret, claire, il n’hésite même pas à s’exprimer sévèrement en cas de besoin. Il sait bien comment mener une négociation en crise.

Enfin, M. Novruz Mammadov est aussi bien sympathisant que critiqueur de l’Occident. Fidel aux principes d’Haydar Aliyev, il est pour la diplomatie d’équilibre. En même temps, il apprecie le développement scientifique et technologiques de l’Occident. Ainsi, à l’instar du conflit arméno-azerbaïdjanais du Haut-Karabakh, il est de cet avis que l’Occident qui se trouve au Somment de son développement, a moralement une responsabilité pour le maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales, pour le bien-être de l’humanité et donc pour la bonne-gouvernance de la société internationale. Exprimant les attentes et la déception de la communauté internationale, il critique ainsi les politiques occidentales qui ne sont pas parfois bien calculées et qui sont plutôt basées sur les intérêts personnels de certaines personnalités politiques. Ces expressions telles que “La fin de la guerre froide avait créé des opportunités inestimables pour l’Occident en vue de promouvoir la démocratie, la justice et les droits de l’homme à l’échelle internationale. Mais l’Occident, en  se laissant sous l’influence euphorique de son succès, n’a pas pu prévoir le déroulement du processus et donc a raté ces opportunités”, “Les iniciateurs du Droit International eux-mêmes ont commencé à violer ce Droit”, “La politique de deux poids-deux mesures arrive à son stade très dangeureux”, “Les organisations internationales, transformées en otages des ambitions géopolitiques de certaines puissances, sont enfin devenues inopérantes”, “La pire des crises, c’est celle de justice et melheureusement nous la vivons tous en ce moment” sont largement appréciées par les intellectuels.